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Generation No. 24


Born: Midian (?)

Father: Hanoch




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Notes for Jethro:

    Jethro in Hebrew is: יתרו Yithrôw (yith-ro’) Strongs #: 3503; his excellence.

    Reuel in Hebrew is: רעואל Re`ûw’el (reh-oo-ale’) Strongs #: 7467; friend of Elohim.

    Jethro is also known by another name, Reuel, usually used in Jasher although the name Jethro is only used once.  In Exodus, Reuel is only used once.

    The earliest mention of Jethro/Reuel is in Jasher 67:24 when Pharaoh called him and Job the Uzite for advice about a dream Pharaoh had concerning the Hebrew slaves in Egypt and how the Egyptians could prevail over the Hebrews before the Hebrews should get it in their minds to destroy Egypt.

    Jethro’s advice to Pharaoh was to do nothing since, in times past bad things always happened to those countries when the leaders tried to harm the Hebrews.  (1)

    Pharaoh did not like Jethro’s proposition, even Job’s counsel wasn’t any help, so he went with Balaam’s suggestion which was to throw the baby boys into the water.  (2)

     First mention of Jethro in the Bible is when Moses helped his daughters water the flock.

    Jethro is also known as a priest of Midian and he had seven daughters although only one is mentioned by name.  (3)

    Neither Exodus nor Jasher tells us the age of Jethro at his first meeting with Moses (who would be is half-2nd cousin 3 times removed).

   According to Exodus, it appears that Jethro allowed Moses to dwell in Midian and Moses married his daughter Zipporah.  (4)

    Jasher shines a different story, that when Jethro heard Moses’ story of how he fled Egypt and then ruled forty years in the land of Cush until the government was taken from him.  Jethro decided to put Moses into the prison house until he found out if the story was true from Cush.  However, Moses remained in prison for ten years.  (5)

    At the end of ten years, Zipporah told Jethro that nobody had come to seek Moses, so he should be set free.

    Jethro was surprised that Moses would be still living since he did not know that his daughter had been secretly feeding Moses all these years.

    After Moses was released from prison, he tended Jethro’s sheep after Moses married Zipporah.  (6)

     Some years went by and Moses left to return to Egypt at the request of Yahvah through the burning bush, but it is not known on how long it was until Moses returned to the land of Midian, but this time with a large encampment of Israelites.  (7)

    In Exodus, Jethro saw that Moses took it upon himself to judge the people from morning to evening.  Jethro could see that Moses would soon become weary as well as the people he judged.

    “You can’t do it that way,” Jethro suggested, “you can’t judge the people all by yourself.  Select certain men that have a love of Yahvah so they can judge over the people so there would be rulers of thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens.  Let them take care of the small stuff, and you can be able to dwell on the more pertinent matters.”  (8)

    Moses went with the advice from Jethro, making it the last we hear of Jethro (or Reuel).

    In Jasher we are told that Reuel (as he is known in Jasher) only stopped by for a visit.  (9)