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Generation No. 24


Born: 1702 BC in Haran, Pandanaram

Married:  1672 BC in Egypt                              (Age:  30)

Died: 1592 BC in Egypt                                    (Age: 110)

Father: Jacob

Mother:  Rachel


Wife: Asenath


Born: On, Egypt

Died: Egypt

Father: Potipherah




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Notes for Joseph:

His name in Hebrew is: יוסף Yôwçêph (yo-safe’) Strongs #: 3130; let him add.  His name in Greek is: Ίωσήφ Iōsēph (ee-o-safe’) Strongs #: 2501.

Jacob, Joseph’s father was 91 when Joseph was born.

Jacob had already been living in Haran for fourteen years when Joseph was born.

At the age of 6, Joseph left with his family to return to where Jacob came from and met with a few hardships along the way.  (1)

The place of abode upon arriving in Canaan from Haran was outside the town of Shechem where they stayed 18 months.  (2)

Upon the kidnapping of Joseph’s half-sister, Dinah, (when Joseph was 7), Simeon and Levi laid the city of Shechem to waste, but Joseph had no part of it.

With the city of Shechem destroyed by Simeon and Levi, the neighboring Canaanites formed together to war against his father and brothers but the Canaanites soon decided it was a bad idea.  (3)

At 8, Joseph and his family moved to Bethel for a six month stay.

At 9, Joseph finally got a brother, but in the process, he lost his mother in bringing Benjamin into the world.  (4)

At 14, Joseph and his family came again to Shechem but their arrival made headline news amongst the Canaanites since they didn’t want to lose their city again.  This time war was inevitable!

With the approach of war with the Canaanites, Joseph remained at home for he was too young to go to battle, although his half-brother Dan was a year older.  (5)

Joseph’s step-mother, Leah died when Joseph was 15, and since he saw the strength of his half-brothers at the destruction of the seven cites of Canaan, he began praising his brothers but ranked himself better than them.  When the opportunity arose, he would bring evil reports concerning his brothers to his father.

Actually, Joseph was a spoiled brat, but even through all the evil reports Joseph brought to his father, Joseph was greatly loved by Jacob.  (6)

With Jacob’s great love for Joseph, he made his son a colorful coat (which may have had long sleeves), it brought an everlasting bitterness toward Joseph from his brothers, and they could no longer talk peaceably to him.

Two years later when Joseph was 17, he was still elevating himself above his brothers and he dreamed two dreams, one about the sheaves of wheat bowing to him, and the other was the sun, moon and stars bowing to him.  Since his brothers could interpret dreams, they knew exactly what it meant, and it made them hate him all the more.  (7)

When Joseph’s half-brothers left for Shechem to look after the flock, Jacob sent Joseph after them to see how they were doing.  Joseph went, but ended up finding his brothers 15 miles north of Shechem in Dothan.

Upon Joseph’s arrival at his half-brothers’ camp, he was seized, stripped of his colorful coat and thrown into a nearby pit.  (8)

Although Joseph cried out to his brethren to release him from the pit, he was only drawn out of the pit to be sold to some passing Ishmaelites (Jasher says Midianites and Ishmaelites).

At Joseph’s arrival in Egypt, he was sold as a slave to Potiphar the captain of the Egyptian guard.  (9)

Joseph remained in Potiphar’s house for one year, and during that time Potiphar’s house prospered through Joseph’s workmanship, but with Joseph’s fairness of skin and other traits, it attracted Potiphar’s wife, () Zelicah to lust after Joseph although Joseph showed no affection for her.

As Zelicah’s affections for Joseph increased, she tried everything to get Joseph to heed to her lustful wishes, but to no avail.

At a last effort, Zelicah grabbed Joseph’s garment to force Joseph to do her request, but ended up tearing Joseph’s garment as he fled from her.  (10)

Upon Potiphar’s arrival at home, Zelicah had a different tale to tell about Joseph which caused Joseph to be put in prison.  (11)

Joseph remained in prison for ten years until the baker and butler from Pharaoh’s court were placed into the same prison as Joseph.  At this time Joseph had taken over as a warden in the prison although he was still a prisoner.

The baker and butler both dreamed dreams in which Joseph interpreted the dreams for them.  The baker was hanged and the butler was to resume his services in Pharaoh’s court.  However, Joseph asked the butler if he could get him out of prison, but the butler ended up forgetting, making Joseph stay in prison an additional two years.  (12)

When Pharaoh () Sesostris I had two dreams which consisted of fat and lean cattle and corn, the butler remembered Joseph and mentioned to Pharaoh that Joseph could interpret dreams for Pharaoh, so Joseph was brought forth out of the prison.  (13)

When Joseph accurately interpreted Pharaoh’s dreams, Pharaoh Sesostris I made Joseph governor over all of Egypt because of Joseph’s wisdom.  Joseph’s name was now known as () Zaphnathpaaneah.

Joseph interpreted the two dreams as if it were one dream.  He interpreted that there would be seven years of plenty of seven years of famine.  (14)

In ancient Egyptian antiquities, Joseph may also be known as () Mentuhotep the vizier under Sesostris I. ***

Soon after Joseph’s interpretation of Pharaoh’s dreams, Joseph prepared for the upcoming famine by storing grain during the plenteous years, and when the famine started, there was plenty of grain to go around.  (15)

When the famine started, Joseph finally met up with his brothers when they came down to buy corn.  The brothers did not recognize Joseph, but Joseph knew for who they were, and decided to test them and accuse them for spies.  The brothers were allowed to go home with their corn, but they had to leave Simeon behind, and they had to bring their youngest brother with them to prove they weren’t spies.  (16)

After a year had expired, the brothers returned to Egypt to buy more corn, and they brought Benjamin with them.

Joseph prepared a feast for his brothers in his house, in which he reviled himself to Benjamin but still continued to make his identity a secret to other brothers.

Upon the brothers’ departure, Joseph had instructed his cup to be placed in Benjamin’s corn sack.  Joseph let them travel a short distance and then ordered them back accusing Benjamin for the theft of the cup.  Benjamin knew of Joseph’s plan but was instructed to say nothing to his brothers.  (17)

With the brothers’ forced return to Joseph, Joseph resolved to take Benjamin as a slave, but the older brothers were willing to fight for Benjamin, so with great deliberation, Joseph revealed himself to his brothers.  (18)

Now that Joseph’s brothers knew who he was, Joseph sent them back to Canaan to bring back his father since the famine would continue for about five years.

It is not known on how long Joseph had to wait for the arrival of his father, but when Jacob did arrive, it was a grand reunion, for Joseph had not seen his father in 22 years!

Seventeen years later, when Joseph was 56, his father died and requested to be buried in the Cave of Machpelah, but the funeral procession was halted for short time while by Joseph’s Uncle Esau.  (19)

Because of the battle at the Cave of Machpelach, another one ensued with the Edomites in which some Edomites were taken captive and taken to Egypt.  Having captive Edomites in Egypt for slaves to the Israelites was considered a shame to the Edomites, so war was waged against the Children of Jacob as well as the Egyptians, but the Edomites ended up losing the battle the third time.  (20)

After Joseph had lived in Egypt for 93 years and reigned for 80 years, he died at the age of 110.  (21)



FOOTNOTE:  Author’s note: I am not an Egyptologist and have to rely on the research of others in their basis of who Joseph may have been and what Pharaoah was reigning at the time.  The pharaoh I had acknowledged as the reigning pharaoh who appointed Joseph as governor (or vizier) is suggested from David Down’s book, Unwrapping the Pharaohs.  Other researchers suggest Imhotep under Pharaoh Djoser (research by Ron Wyatt and in Lennart Möller’s book The Exodus Case.)  Moreover, David Rohl, in his book A Test of Time suggests Joseph was appointed vizier during Amenemhat II although Joseph’s alternative name is not mentioned throughout the book.  Either one of these could be the real Joseph; for none of them are rejected until substantial evidence arises to support one of the three.


More About Joseph:

Burial: 1387BC in Shechem, Canaan


Notes for Asenath:

Her name is Hebrew is: אסנת Âçenath (aw-se-nath’) Strongs #: 621.

Asenath is also known as “Osnath” in Jasher.

Not much is known about Asenath, although her father was a priest of On (which may also be known as Heliopolis).  (22)  She married Joseph right after he was taken from prison and made vizier of Egypt.

When her father-in-law, Jacob died 26 years after she married Joseph, she put on sackcloth to mourn for Jacob.  This is the last we hear of Asenath.  (23)