Notes for Reuel:
His name in Hebrew is: רעואל Re`ûw’el (reh-oo-ale’) Strongs #: 7467; friend of Elohim.
Neither Genesis nor Jasher goes into any detail on Reuel, although it is possible
that Reuel followed in the same footsteps as his father, Esau.
Reuel possibly had the same amount of hatred for his Uncle Jacob as Eliphaz because
of the stories his father told.
Although in Jasher doesn’t say anything about Reuel personally, he was at the battle
where his father wanted to annihilate Jacob by coming against him with 400 men. While
this army was in the route to war against Jacob, they met with a mysterious army
of 2000 men which struck so much fear the army that Reuel was with, that his father
was frightened off his horse on three different occasions. Reuel was possibly just
as frightened and may have fallen off his horse as well. Upon meeting with this
mysterious army, it was decided that Jacob should be met in peace instead of war.
(1) Reuel was 17.
The next battle Reuel was involved in was at the burial of his Uncle Jacob at the
Cave of Machpelah. Reuel, his father and brother had tried to keep Jacob’s sons
from burying Jacob in the cave by claiming that the cave belonged to Esau. However,
Jacob’s sons had proof of which it belonged to, so while one of the sons of Jacob
ran back to Egypt to fetch the document, Reuel, his father and brethren put up a
fierce skirmish to prevent the burial, but they failed in the attempt, and his father
Esau died in the skirmish. (2)
Reuel and his brethren weren’t going to give up the burial cave over a little skirmish,
so battle was waged again against Jacob’s sons but this time in Hebron. However,
the battle didn’t go well since 80 men of the Edomites died to the Israelites’ zero.
Fifty men were bound in iron as captives and brought to Egypt. We are not told
if Reuel was one of them or if any or his sons were taken captive, but it is recorded
at his nephew Zepho was taken captive to Egypt.
Since this battle did not go well, Reuel fled with his brethren to Mt. Seir taking
the headless body of Esau with them. (The head was buried on the battlefield.) (3)
If Reuel was in Egypt as a captain or with his brethren, Jasher does not say, but
their kin could not be left in Egypt to be slaves to the sons of Jacob, that would
be too humiliating. Therefore, a war was waged against Rameses, Egypt to save their
kin, but to no avail; again all the sons of Esau lost the battle and had to retreat
to Succoth where a 30 more men or slain before they finally escaped.
We are not told if Reuel died in this battle or not, but if he did, he would have
been 67. (4)
More About Reuel:
Cause of Death: Battle ?
Extended Notes for Nahath, Zerah, Shammah & Mizzah:
Although these brothers are only mentioned once in Jasher and three times in the
Bible, we can only guess on what happened to them in their lives. We are not told
on when they was born, but it can be guessed that they were around at the burial
of their great-uncle Jacob at Machpelah. The skirmish that happened there resulted
in the death of forty men of the people of Esau.
If one of them were among the dead, we are not told, but it resulted in the death
of their grandfather Esau. (6)
After Jacob was buried in Machpelah, they and their kin (that is if all of them were
still living) resolved to battle against Jacob’s sons in Hebron, but the battle was
sore against their kin since 80 men died in the battle and 50 men were taken captive
to Egypt. If one of the brothers were one of the fallen or the captive, we are not
told. (7) With relatives being captive in Egypt, their kin called together the
sons of Seir, and the children of the east to battle against Jacob’s sons and the
The battle did not go well, since most of the sons of Seir were slain the children
of the east fled, and the children of Esau were pursued as far as Succoth where 30
more men were slain adding to the already 600,000 that were slain at Rameses.
Where these brothers were at during this battle remains a mystery. (8)
If these brothers were in the battle and survived, then they had another problem
on his hands. Now, the remaining sons of Seir asked Esau’s children to leave the
land of Seir.
The Children of Esau wouldn’t hear of it and inclined to war against the Children
of Seir and requested support from King Angeas of Dinhabah, and King Angeas sent
and army of 1,300 soldiers to aid the Children of Esau. However, the children of
Seir sent their request to the Children of the East and the Midianites.
Of the Children of the East and the Midianites the Children of Seir only got 800
men to come to their aid.
Again, the battle went sore against the Children of Esau and King Angeas for 200
men died in the battle.
In the second day of the battle, the children of Esau saw that the battle still wasn’t
going good for them, so some of the men of Esau turned tail and assisted their enemies
in the battle! If any of these brothers was a turncoat in this battle, we are not
told, but it was a grievous thing for the children of Esau, and they requested more
men from King Angeas. (9)
This time, the battle turned sore against the children of Seir, and the children
of Esau slew 2,000 men of Seir as well as the Midianites.
Now that the Children of Esau were victorious, they returned to the city of Seir
and slew the remaining inhabitants and took possession of the land. However, they
left alive 50 young lads and damsels who became slaves and wives to the Edomites.
If any of these brothers were still alive through all these battles, then the next
decision was to set up a king to rule over them, but it had to be a stranger since
none of the Children of Esau could get along with each other whether he be a son,
brother or even a friend because of the turncoat behavior while they battled the
children of Seir. Therefore, they chose from Dinhabah, Belah the son of Beor to
be king over Edom. (11)